I'm sorry for my English, here you can find all (and more) the answers to your question. I hope everything is clear.
The Monument of the Bear and the Tree strawberry in Madrid was realized in 1965 by the sculptor Antonio Navarro Santafé.
The idea of doing a monument of the Shield of Madrid was at first to shape a few copies of the " Bear and the Tree srtawberry " in a small scale, to donate them to the illustrious visitors who were coming to Madrid. Then it passed to the idea of raising a monument at big size.
It weghts almost 20 tons! This statue is sometimes translated as the Bear and the Strawberry Tree. The Madroño tree (which sounds like Madrid) is not native to Madrid. And it is not a strawberry tree. The berries of the Madroño tree are red like strawberries. However they are very sweet and are really not good eaten raw (unlike strawberries), but are only good to eat when made into a jam.
They are the official symbol of Madrid. But why? Opinions vary. The practical theory is that the bear standing on its hind legs with its front paws on the tree trunk represent possession and ownership of wood necessary for constructing buildings. The sentimental theory is based on the fact that bears love sweet things and constantly try to extract honey from beehives. According to legend, because they suffer from sore eyes, they get stung and bleed from their wounds to such an extent that it relieves them of some of the pain. Next, they grope around desperately for a madroño tree and start gobbling the fruit, whose bitterness belies its rich red exterior (it only looks like a strawberry) and shocks the palate into further reducing the pain by the virtue of sheer distraction. So, masochistically, they rid themselves of their discomfort. The first theory makes sense as a metaphor for how Madrid has grown. The second is rather cute but doesn't seem to have any particular relevance. Take your pick.
I link you the Bear sculptor's page, it's in Spanish but I think that pictures are very interesting!
· hace 1 década