Nena realizada en EducaciónSelectividad · hace 1 década

¿examen de selectividad de ingles?

mirad hace unos dias hice la selectividad y hice este texto... me podeis hacerlo vosotros por favor para comparar las respuestas... k estoy muy agobiada y no puede esperar hasta el miercoles que es cuando nos dan las notas. gracias

"Bullying at school"

For some time, Johnny, a quiet 13-year-old, was a human toy for some of his classmates. He was constantly forced to give them his money, and beaten up in the toilets. When Johnny's torturers were interrogated about the bullying, they said they abused him because "it was fun".

Unfortunately, bullying among schoolchildren is certainly an old phenomenon, and most adults have experienced some form of mild abuse in their schooldays; but this was not considered such a big problem, and therefore authorities did not think that measures had to be taken. It was only in the early 1970s that it began to be made the object of systematic research.

A broad definition of bullying is when a student is repeatedly exposed to negative actions on the part of one or more other students. These negative actions can take the form of physical contact, verbal abuse, or making faces and rude gestures. Spreading rumours and excluding the victim from a group are also common forms.

A recent survey shows that around 15% of pupils in primary and secondary schools are involved in bully/victim problems with some regularity, and there are indications that the level of bullying is rising every year.

Several studies about the characteristics and family backgrounds of victims and bullies suggest that bullying has to be seen as a component of more generally antisocial behaviour; former school bullies are more likely than other pupils to engage in serious crime later in their lives.

These studies have identified certain personality characteristics and typical reaction patterns, which usually vary according to the level of physical strength or weakness, especially in the case of boys. An aggressive social environment also influences the extent to which these problems will manifest themselves in schools.

Governments and school authorities have an important role to play, and bully/victim problems have gradually been placed on formal school agendas in many countries.

Can bullying be stopped? Bullying is a big problem in schools, but most studies suggest that, with a suitable intervention programme, it is possible to reduce it considerably; it is primarily a question of changing attitudes, knowledge, behaviour and habits in school life, rather than using disciplinary measures.

I * COMPREHENSION

ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-3 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN WORDS.

1 Is bullying restricted to physical abuse? Explain.

2 According to studies, what factors may contribute to the existence of bullying?

3 Are disciplinary measures the most recommended way of dealing with bullies?

ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR PHRASES FROM THE TEXT, OR USE YOUR OWN WORDS. \ 4 "Bullying started in 1970".

5 "School bullies can become criminals as adults".

II * USE OF ENGLISH

FIND IN THE TEXT ONE OPPOSITE FOR "narrow" "(ADJECTIVE).

6 WHICH WORD IS NOT AN ADVERB?: Fast / likely / friendly / slowly.

7 FIND INTHETEXTTHE WORD WHICH HAS THE FOLLOWING DEFINITION: "correct or appropriate".

8 FILL IN THE GAP WITH THE CORRECT OPTION: "I travel to London often." Much/quiet/quite/many.

9 TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO THE PASSIVE VOICE: "They have just told me the truth."

10 COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONAL SENTENCE: "lf I had been bullied at school I ".

11 GIVE A QUESTION F0RTHE UNDERLINED WORDS: "Most employees earn €250 a week".subrayado : "€250 a week"

12 FILL IN THE GAP WITH THE CORRECT OPTION: "He was annoyed because he by his classmates." Was laughing at/Was being laughed at/ Was being laughed of.

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