How can one create a really different language?
There are lots of similarities between ALL human languages (they all have verbs, nouns, direct/indirect object, similar word order...). In fact, one can say they're much more similar than different.
If you wanted to create a completely different language, one that had little resemblance to any actual language spoken by humans but was equally effective at communicating, how would you do it?
- ZirpLv 7hace 10 mesesRespuesta favorita
Conlangs have been around for ages, and millions of people have learned (some) Esperanto.
As to "different"... you might want to look into LOJBAN
- Roger the MoleLv 7hace 10 meses
"Llittle resemblance to any actual language" and "effective at communicating" are mutually exclusive. Actual languages are effective at communicating.
- PontusLv 7hace 10 meses
There are some similarities among all human languages, but they are more different than you seem to realize.
1. Although human languages have something that can be called a verb, the nature of that word class varies dramatically.
In some languages, verbs aren't all that different from nouns. In some, verbs do not change form for any reason at all.
Sometimes that same word can be used as other parts of speech (English often does that).
Some languages lack tense (no past, present, future). Some use aspect instead, and that aspect may not be part of the verb at all.
Some languages have dozens of unique forms for the same verb, reflecting person, number, grammatical gender (of the subject or object etc), tense, aspect, mood, social relationships among speaker/listener/( & those discussed).
In some languages, the verb is the most important part of the sentence. The noun is relatively unimportant.
2. nouns -- There are languages where nouns don't change form. No possessive, no plural, etc. There are some where nouns change form for number (singular, dual, plural), grammatical case (and there may be many of those), grammatical gender, etc.
3, In many languages, a word in one word class (part of speech) cannot be used as is in another word class.
4. similar word order - is simply wrong.
a. For basic word order, there are three possible main parts. subject (S), verb (V), object (O)
SVO and SOV are the most common default word orders around the world, But the other four combinations also exist. VSO, VOS, OSV, OVS.
There is also V2 word order, where the verb simply must be the second element. The subject & object can go elsewhere (often in languages with grammatical cases clearly marking a noun's function or in an agglutinative language with particles that mark the noun's function).
In some languages, the verb must be last and the rest is fairly free.
In some languages, a single verb (although sometimes a very long verb) can be a complete sentence. In some, a subject must usually be stated.
b. For noun phrases, adjectives can come strictly before the noun, strictly after, or in either/both places (often not interchangeably.). The same thing with determiners.
5. The order of direct or indirect objects also varies: In some, one or the other always comes before the other one. In others, such objects never appear next to each other. In some, inflections or particles indicate which one is which and word order may be flexible. In yet others, a personal pronoun comes before (or after) the noun (or other type of pronoun). There may be a different rule when they are both nouns and yet another rule when they are both personal pronouns. In yet others, the specific pronouns chosen determine the word order (so d.o. may sometimes be first, sometimes second, depending on the words chosen).
6. There are languages without relative pronouns.
7. There are languages where there can only be one main clause in a sentence.
8. Some languages have no words for THE, a/an.
9. Some have no words for YES/NO. Others might have two different words for yes, or for no, or for both.
10. There are languages that have topic/comment structures as well as true subjects.
11. In some, men and women speak differently (different words, different grammar, etc). Different age groups may speak differently.
12. In others, there are different levels of politeness/familiarity. There may also be honorific forms (respectful, humble, etc, reflecting social relationships at more polite levels).
13. Some languages drop subject pronouns most of the time. Others drop any pronoun when clear from context. In others, pronouns must always be stated.
14. Japanese has verbal adjectives, in addition to true verbs and true adjectives. However, Japanese adjectives and nouns, as well as personal pronouns, are almost the same word class. They behave very similarly.
15. There are languages without comparative or superlative degrees of adjectives (no words for greater/greatest, better, best, etc. Those ideas are expressed with other words or structures, not on the adjective itself).
16. Every constructed language I know about, including ones like Klingon for fiction, used elements of existing human languages. Klingon, for example, picked one of the rarest human word orders as the default word order.
In other words, people so far have not managed to create a language that has little resemblance to any known human language (other than vocabulary). The best they do is pick a unique combination of rare concepts to make it seem strange to the average person.Fuente(s): five natural languages (to varying degrees of competency).
- Anónimohace 10 meses
I would ask Koko the gorilla.
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- TB12Lv 7hace 10 meses
That's actually kind of what they did when they created the Klingon language for Star Trek,, it has developed into an actual language that some people can communicate with each other in,, read up on how they created it and you'll get an idea as to how to create your language.